Asiatic Elephant – the name says it all!
Kabini calling…(one of the nature explorer’s heaven in the state of Karnataka, India)
Did you know:
Being herbivores they spend up to 16 hours a day eating plants.
The Asian elephant has one finger at the end of the trunk, the African has two. The difference between Asiatic and African elephants can be found here: en.upali.ch/differences-between-african-and-asian-elephant/
The trunk is used to drink, smell, pick up food, touch and communicate. It is used to tenderly touch a loved one or in self-defence as a weapon.
Elephants are the only animals other than humans to grieve for the dead.
Of course, Elephants are the largest land mammals. Wild elephants live in families called herds – herds are made up of female elephants. Herds can be as large as few hundreds (yeah, speak about joint families )! The only males in these herds are the young calves.
The leader of the herd is usually the oldest female – she is called the Matriarch. The mother elephant has help with the babies from other elephants – who are known as Aunties. A new mother will choose her aunties and together they will raise the baby.
An elephant’s gestation period is between 18 & 22 months and at birth it is common for an elephant calf to weigh ~120 kilograms!!
A young male elephant stays with the herd until he is about 15 years old. He then leaves and lives alone like most bull elephants. Average life span of an elephant is about 70 years..
Interesting isn’t it!? But sadly we are left with only three species in the entire world – the African bush elephant, the African forest elephant and the Asian elephant (also known as the Indian elephant). All other species are extinct..! IUCN has categorized the Indian Elephant as ‘Endangered’, meaning they are being wiped out really fast.. thanks to us
(Info source: Learned people from the field and authentic internet sources)